Business Law Newsletters
Bylaws are written provisions describing how day-to-day operations of a corporation will be conducted. A corporation’s activities are governed, in order of precedence, by statute, corporate charter, and bylaws.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) applies to most businesses. The Act covers all employers and their employees throughout the United States and its territories either through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration or through a state program approved by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. However, there are some exemptions from OSHA.
Control of a corporation is exercised through its board of directors. Shareholders in turn elect the directors. In addition to straight voting of one vote per share, there are several methods provided by statute or corporate charter for calculating shareholder votes, including cumulative, class, weighted, and supermajority voting.
Nonprofit corporations are a useful tool for organizing for charitable, educational, religious, literary, or scientific purposes while reducing the risk of individual liability in accomplishing those goals. A nonprofit corporation is often referred to as a 501(c)(3) corporation due to the tax code provision under which most nonprofit corporations are considered exempt from federal taxation.
Limitations on Margin Trading